1. 386.Burgess, Loraine Marshall. Garden Art: The Personal Pursuit of

Artistic Refinements, Inventive Concepts, Old Follies and New Conceits for

the Home Gardener. New York: Walker, 1881. 192 pp. Index, B.W.illus.,

color illus. ISBN O-8027-0665-7.

    Self-expression in the garden is the author’s organizing theme.

While some discussion of color appears throughout the text, the “Joyous

Color” chapter concentrates on doing or redoing a garden on the basis of

color and encourages “garden-artists” to become aware of their own color

preferences and enthusiasms. Suggestions for flamboyant flowering

shrubs, trees and bulbs, dissonant colors, strong colors, and strong

contrasts are balanced by more conservative options such as using a narrow

spectrum and making one color dominate. The author also presents

dramatic ideas for garden structures, embellishments, and innovative uses

of plants.

387. Clarke, Graham. Autumn and Winter Colour in the Garden. London:

Wardlock, 1986. 128 pp. Index, color illus. ISBN 0-7063-6482-1.

    The author tells how to create a color palette with plant materials and

gives guidelines for selecting and combining plants on the basis of their

seasonal color appearance. A selective list that recommends plants for their

fall and winter color, with details on the height and general growth

characteristics of each, will be useful for American gardeners who live in

regions with similar growing conditions. The interesting text is balanced by

many handsome full-page color photographs that provide glimpses of

garden colors during the mild English winter.

388.Cox, Jeff and Cox, Marilyn. The Perennial Garden: Color

Harmonies through the Seasons. Emmaus, PA: Rodale, 1985. 304

pp. Index, B/W illus., color illus. ISBN 0-87857-573-1.

    In addition to helping the American gardener scale down time and

labor, the authors devote nearly half of their book to garden color.

Discussions of the nature and meaning of color, color associations, light,

and vision prepare the reader for making practical decisions for the garden. ,

An introduction to garden and landscape design principles is followed by

sections on color harmonies, color design strategies for planning the flower

garden, and creating color harmonies month by month. Plant charts at the

back of the book list perennials and their characteristics. Readers looking

for an informative and inspiring book on garden color will find this down-

to-earth publication an excellent resource, despite the relatively modest use

of illustrations.

389. Haring, Elda. Color for Your Yard and Garden. New York: Hawthome,

1971. 240 pp. Index, B/W illus., color illus.

    Two-thirds of this text is devoted to a plant spectrum -- from yellow

to orange, pink to rose, red, blue to purple, white and green -- with plant

lists, illustrations, and information on their characteristics. Colors

throughout the year are the subject of a brief section of essays, illustrated by

timeless photographs that portray the spectrum. The introduction is by

garden authority Helen Van Pelt.

390. Hobhouse, Penelope. Colour in Your Garden. London: Wm.

Collins, 1985. 240 pp. Bibl., color illus. ISBN 0-00-217142-2.

    This is a comprehensive and lavishly illustrated work. Following a

review of basic color theory and the “natural order of color” approach

(which may derive from H. Barrett Carpenter), fully half of the book

illustrates garden plants organized into hue families: clear yellows, blues,

pinks and mauves, strong reds, and foliage greens. A chart reminiscent of

Chevreul shows simultaneous contrast effects. Hobhouse, also the author

of Gertrude Jekyll on Gardening (1983), weaves some interesting

documentation into her text. For example, she states that Faber Birren’s

1974 edition of  The Student Handbook of Color omits Ogden Rood’s text

on garden color. This beautifully designed book will inspire the general

reader as well as gardeners and design professionals.

391. Jekyll, Gertrude. Colour Schemes for the Flower Garden. Woodbridge,

Suffolk: Baron, 1983. 326 pp. Endnotes/footnotes, color illus. ISBN 0-


    Originally published in Country Life in 1908, this reprint of the

1936 edition contains with 32 new handsome color illustrations. Trained as

a painter, Jekyll adapted Turner’s color gradations for the compositional

principle behind her work. Her intention is to create “living pictures” with

perspective and space illusions carefully constructed through “color

harmonies, rather than contrasts.” The art historical influences on Jekyll

and a sympathetic view of Jekyll as an artist are provided in the foreword.

  1. 392.Jekyll, Gertrude. The Illustrated Gertrude Jekyll - Color Schemes for

The  Flower Garden. Illustrated by Charlotte Wess. Boston: Little, Brown,

1988. 186 pp. Index, color illus. ISBN 0-316-30699-1.

    Delicate watercolor renderings of flowers by Charlotte Wess, and

colored or sepia photographs are the special features of this handsome new

edition of the original Gertrude Jekyll text. In his preface, Richard

Bisgrove states that the illustrations portray many of the plants and plant

groupings Jekyll preferred, while the photographs show gardens that

successfully reinterpret her ideas. Additional garden diagrams with

watercolor washes show the recommended colors for the waves of plant

groupings favored by Jekyll. This beautifully organized and illustrated

edition is a wonderful tribute to the work of a great color designer.

393. Lacey, Stephen. The Startling Jungle. Harmondsworth, Middlesex,

England: Penguin, 1986. 254 pp. Index, color illus. ISBN 0-670-80614-5.

    In an interesting discussion about whether form should dominate

color, the author compares classical and romantic gardening styles.

Because the classical gardener’s emphasis on shape may result in rigid and

unexciting garden plans, and the romantic gardener’s use of color may

result in a wild and shapeless mass of plantings, Lacey says the best

gardens balance elements of both styles. The two chapters on color review

color theory and describe unifying color design strategies, such as using

colors related by similar color temperature, intensity, or tone. Since the

book has only 16 pages of color illustrations that range from Jekyll borders

to details of plant groupings, the serious reader will need an illustrated plant

dictionary at hand while reading the imaginative and elegant text.

394. Leverett, Brian. Garden Design, Planning Smaller Gardens. London:

Crowood , 1989. 128 pp. Index, color illus. ISBN 1-85223-199-1.

The author points to shape, form, color, and perfume as the four

factors contributed by plants as he explains the steps in the garden design

process. His brief discussion of fundamental color theory includes primary

and secondary hues and psychological effects of color. He introduces

methods for creating depth illusions through color placement and

encourages the reader to try for color interest throughout the year. This

informative book also presents a concise history and social view of English

gardens, surveys gardening styles, and provides plant lists for prolonged or

particular color that include flowering and foliage plants, vegetables, fruits

and herbs. The fine balance between design and color is reflected in the

exceptional illustrations which present birdseye-views of garden plans as

abstract quilts embroidered with Pointillist textures. Imaginative

illustrations or diagrams on every page enhance the clearly written text.

395. Mathias, E. Mildred, ed. Color for The Landscape Flowering Plants for

Subtropical Climates. Arcadia, CA: California Arboretum Foundation,

1976. 207 pp. Index, bibl., color illus. ISBN 0-912588-14-4.

    This revision of six booklets, previously published from 1964 to

1976 and now brought together in a single publication, shows outstanding

colorful plant materials from around the world that will grow in California.

The 200 spectacular color photographs by Ralph D. Comell are the book’s

finest feature. The commentary that accompanies the photographs includes

descriptions of the flower colors produced  the plants, shrubs and trees in

the collection. In addition to picturing the plant materials, the specific

locations of choice specimens are often given.

396. Proctor, John and Susan Proctor. Colour in Plants and

Flowers. London: Peter Lowe, 1978. 116 pp. Index, bibl., glossary,

B/W illus., color illus. ISBN 0-85654-616-X.

    In his foreword, Alan Gemmell commends the authors for their

scientific accuracy, careful writing, and challenging ideas, and their

successful blend of the academic and the practical. Fully one-quarter of the

text is devoted to the nature of color, including the electromagnetic

spectrum, light, vision related to plant colors, and how plants make colors.

This comprehensive work integrates superb photographs, informative

charts, and diagrams on every page of text. The authors, a botany-trained

plant ecologist and a zoologist, succeed in presenting a broad view of how

color functions in nature, focusing on both common and unusual plants.

This timeless, beautiful, highly informative book on color in nature will

appeal to a broad audience.

397. Simmons, Adelma Grenier. Herb Gardens of Delight: With Plants for

Every Mo0d and Purpose. Illustrated by Katie Bourke. Tolland, CT: A

Clinton, 1974. 184 pp. Index, B/W illus.

    This informative and entertaining book by an author, known for her

books on growing herbs, offers essays, plant lists, plot plans for eight

gardens with special themes such as a garden of fragrance, a Shakespearean

Garden, a garden of medicinal teas, and of special interest here, “Garden

Tinctoria: Nature’s Dye Kit.” Each garden is described in a chapter that

combines practical information with charming plant lore and legends that

are associated with the herbs and flowers. Though there is no general

discussion of color, the redeeming feature is the information on growing

dye plants in one’s own garden, since most dye books emphasize dye

methods. The plant list recommends 57 flowers, vegetables, herbs, and

trees; gives brief directions for dyeing wool with various mordants and lists

the resulting colors.

398. Sutter, Anne Bernat. New Approach to Design Principles: A

Comprehensive Analysis of Design Elements and Principles in Floral

Design. St. Louis, MO: Allied Printing Co., 1967. 196 pp. Index,

endnotes/footnotes, glossary, B/W illus., color illus.

    The color illustrations of color principles in floral arrangements are

now dated and the discussion of color is not as clear as it might be.

Nevertheless, Sutter provides a specialist’s viewpoint and many pages of

text and illustrations related to color, color factors, chromatic elements, and

chromatic design for those interested in floral design.

  1. 399.Thomas, Graham Stuart. Colour in the Winter Garden. 3rd ed. London:

J. M. Dent, 1984. 323 pp. Index, bibl., B/W illus., color illus. ISBN 0-460


    This approach to planning a winter garden is based on

considerations of color, form, and texture. Thomas’s aim is to shift

attention away from concentrating solely on flowers that may bloom only

for a few weeks to creating special color interest in the garden for most of

the year in the mild climate of southeast England. He directs readers to

select shrubs and trees while keeping in mind the colors of leaves, stems,

and bark. The author’s spirited line drawings and watercolors accent this


400. Thrower, Percy. Colour in Your Garden. London: Collinridge,

1966. 151 pp. Index, B/W illus., color illus.

    Written for the color-conscious gardener, this informative and

practical guide approaches gardening from many viewpoints. The

introduction discusses what color does, how color creates moods, where

color can be used freely, and how to make a garden plan. Subsequent

sections cover cultivation of recommended plants and list plants, shrubs,

and trees according to their color and form. Color photographs show

interesting combinations of plants, while excellent step-by-step, black-and-

white photographs show the process of cultivation. This is a thorough,

clearly written treatment of the subject by a dedicated garden professional

whose work is based on principles of enduring interest.

401. Toogood, Alan R. Colour through the Year. London: Wm.

Collins, 1988. 48 pp. Color illus. ISBN 0-00-412390-5.

    Planning for the garden around color is the author‘s theme. His

discussion of color is based on a traditional colored 12-hue wheel, which

the author augments with bands of tints and shades. He suggests perennials

and shrubs for three-season color and gives practical ideas for unifying the

garden through color, for example, by judicious placement of warm and

cool hues to create illusions of depth, closeness, and breadth. The method

of grouping plants in a spectral color sequence, though strongly reminiscent

of Jekyll, is not attributed to her. While color photographs of selected

plants appear on every page of the informative text, readers seeking a

completely illustrated A-to-Z plant guide may wish to use the author‘s

Planter's Encyclopedia of Perennials, published in London by MacDonald

Orbis in 1988, as a companion volume.

  1. 402.Wilder, Louise Beebe. Colour In My Garden. Illustrated by Anna

Winegar. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, Doran, 1930. 410 pp. Index, B/W

illus., color illus.

    First published in 1918, this classic book on gardening in America

was reprinted in 1990 by the Atlantic Monthly Press. The thoughtful

treatment of color principles and garden color themes starts with chapter 1:

“Colour in the Garden: A Confession of Faith.” Like Gertrude Jekyll,

Louise Wilder aims to create “beautiful garden pictures” or compositions.

Though Mrs. Beebe admires and frequently quotes the writings of English

gardeners like Jekyll, she deplores the practice of imitating gardens

designed for the mild English climate. Instead, she recommends a fresh and

informal approach inspired by one’s sense of the place and the particular

climate. Wilder’s discussions of “happy proportions” and color harmonies

often lead to color scales or gradations, and mediating tones, which she

prefers to sharp contrasts. However, her charming and leisurely essays are

refreshingly free of color dogma as she describes many prospects of her

own gardens in New York state, which are shown in paintings by Ann

Winegar. Her frequent reference to the work of other writers provides an

interesting survey of garden books and other literary sources. For example,

she has the reader consult Ridgeways “Colour Standards and Colour

Nomenclature” to better understand the color quality of “Magenta the

Maligned.” The book is packed with practical information on the

appearance and habits of the vast collection of plants she writes about, such

as lists of Latin and English plant names; and charts of periods of flowering

with plant names arranged in columns under seven color families. But what

is most enduring here is the thoughtful writing, full of feeling and love of

flowers and garden color.