364. Allen, Phyllis Sloan. Beginnings of Interior Environment.

Minneapolis: Burgess, 1985. 257 pp. Index, bibl., glossary, B/W illus.,

color illus. ISBN 0-8087-0098. I 

    Designed as a college text for a comprehensive introductory interior

design course, this book begins with a historic overview of residential

architecture, a survey of modem home types, and an explanation of

fundamental requirements for floor plans. Design elements and principles

are discussed, with color receiving special attention in a 30-page chapter.

The remainder of the book focuses on fabrics and furnishings, interior

design projects as a whole, and interior design as a career. Assignments

conclude some of the chapters. The color chapter thoroughly covers color

characteristics, the Brewster and Munsell color systems, traditional color

harmonies, color relativity, the effect of lighting on color, and

considerations for color decisions including texture, distance, temperature,

and mood.

365. Alexander, Harold R. Design: Criteria for Decisions. New York:

Macmillan, 1976. 556 pp. Index, B/W illus., color illus. ISBN 0-02-

30 l 6604-4.

    This introduction to design addresses both aesthetic and functional

aspects of design and thoroughly covers design principles and elements in

the first 60 pages. The chapter on color summarizes color and light,

presents the 12-hue circle, explains three attributes of color, discusses color

harmonies, and lists common associations or symbolism for primary and

secondary hues and black and white. A strength of this well-illustrated text

is its unusually broad scope and comprehensive coverage of important

issues for interior design, housing, and environmental design students,

whether in lecture courses or studio courses. The treatment of theoretical

and historic aspects of environmental design includes city planning, the

interior environment, architectural design, and furniture design.

  1. 366.Birren, Faber. Color for Interiors, Historical and Modern. New York:

Whitney Library of Design, 1963. 200 pp. Index, B/W illus., color illus.

    This informally written survey of color in interiors begins with a

cursory, undocumented historic overview followed by Birren’s theory of

“modern” color use in buildings. His recommendations are now dated and

the information is less detailed than in his New Horizons in Color (1960)

and Light, Color, and Environment (1988), which cover some of the same

ground. Students of historical color usage will find useful the ll pages of

color charts with chips that record selective color palettes from ancient

Egypt to 1950s America. Five other charts recommend color palettes for

hospitals, industrial plants, offices, schools, and food services.

  1. 367.Birren, Faber. New Horizons in Color. New York: Reinhold, 1955. 200

pp. Index, bibl., B/W illus., color illus.

    Birren discusses color with reference to vision, perception, lighting

and paint, and briefly mentions color harmony conventions. His treatment

of color psychology and color usage is undocumented. Recommendations

for use of color for architectural exteriors and interiors range from industrial

plants to homes and include two pages of samples of recommended functional

and decorative colors. The book concludes with summary information on

light, vision, and systems of color organization. The significance of this book

is as a record of the author`s early attempts to apply color theory to

architecture. The five-page appendix of color systems and samples and the

bibliography may be useful for those doing historical research on the topic.

However, the work is too dated for contemporary application.

368. Blake, Jill. Colour and Pattern in the Home. London: Design Council, 1978. 83 pp. B/W illus., color illus. ISBN O-85072-0621.

    This attractive book in the London Design Center Series is aimed at

the general reader. The “color sense” introduction begins with a hue circle

and provides some information on color fundamentals and specific

guidelines for using color, such as using warm colors for cold rooms. The

many black-and-white and color photographs show fashionable British

interiors and taste of the 1970s.

369. Blake, Jill. The Practical Guide for Colour and Design for the Home. Rev. ed. Stevenage, Hertshire: Bennington, 1984. 94 pp. Color illus. ISBN 0-904928-04-7.

    Blake provides a general overview aimed at readers of English

women’s magazines such as Good Housekeeping, Homemaker and

Homes and Gardens. Ten chapters and numerous illustrations cover such

topics as the color wheel, color basics, choosing colors, planning interiors,

lighting, period flavor, and exterior color plans. This is an interesting

example of popular consumer-oriented interior design journalism of the

1970s and early 1980s that shows practical application.

370. Brushwell, William, ed. Goodheart. Wilcox Painting and Decorating

Encyclopedia. South Holland, IL: Goodheart-Willcox, 1982. 264 pp.

Index, glossary, B/W illus., color illus. ISBN 0-87006-404-5.

    This handbook on house painting, decorating, and wood finishing

deals heavily with the practical matters of tools and equipment and the

selection and application of paint, but also includes exceptionally useful

chapters on color harmony and materials. The Munsell and Ostwald

systems are explained and illustrated, as are color characteristics and the

standard color harmonies. Detailed information on paint mixing and

matching, paint use in interiors and exteriors, and the impact of lighting and

reflections on color appearance is intended for professional house painters

but may also be useful to design professionals and home-owners.

371. Faulkner, Ray Nelson, SuAnn Nissen and Sarah Faulkner.

Inside Today’s Home. 5th ed. New York: Holt, Rinehart and

Winston, 1986. 550 pp. Index, bibl., glossary, B/W illus. color illus.

ISBN 0-03-062577-7.

    This revision of a standard work in the field of interior

design encompasses the broad range of issues related to planning and

furnishing a home. The major design and color section deals with color and

light, color theory and characteristics, and the Munsell and Ostwald color

systems. The discussion of standard color harmonies is clearly illustrated

with small black-and-white diagrams of hue circles and references to color

plates. A series of substantive questions and answers help readers explore

the relationship between theory and practice in interior design. The

combination of a straightforward writing style, appropriate illustrations,

and a bibliography at the end of each chapter yields an excellent resource.

  1. 372.Faulkner, Sarah. Planning a Home: A Practical Guide to Interior Design.

New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1979. 374 pp. Index, bibl., glossary,

B/W illus., color illus. ISBN 0-03-045471-9.

    Designed as an interior design textbook for the college student, this

book will also be useful to the general reader. The chapter on color includes

discussions of hue, value, intensity, and traditional color harmonies. The

review of color effects on feelings, size, and distance, and the suggestions

for color use in interior design are particularly good. Some of the

information included here has been adapted from Inside Today’s Home by

Roy Nelson Faulkner, SuAnn Nissen, and Sarah Faulkner. However, with

the exception of standard lists and tables, the text and most of the

illustrations are new.

  1. 373.Friedmann, Arnold, John F. Pile, and Forrest Wilson. Interior Design: An

Introduction to Architectural Interiors. New York: Elsevier, 1982. 528 pp.

Index, bibl., glossary, B/W illus., color illus. ISBN 0-444-00670-2.

    This thorough overview includes discussions of formal elements

and design principles, architectural history, and current interior design

practices and trends for residential and contract design. The specific interior

design components of lighting, furnishings, and accessories, as well as

construction and mechanical systems, are considered. The five-page

chapter on color and light, however, provides little explanation of color

theory or use.

374. Gilliatt, Mary. Colour Your Home. London: Octopus, 1985. 128 pp.

Index, glossary, B/W illus., color illus.. ISBN 0-7064-2343-7.

    An important theme in this presentation of contemporary English

residential interiors is the application of Chevreul’s color principles in six

sections devoted to yellow, green, blue, red, neutrals, and black and white.

The concise text is well supported by photographs related to interiors that

demonstrate the color relationships. Gilliatt also introduces color history,

color principles, complementary colors, accent colors, and colors with equal

tones. The handsome layout, lavish illustrations, and alluring interiors will

appeal to the interested general reader as well as the designer.

375. Halse, Albert O. The Use of Color in Interiors. 2nd ed. New

York: McGraw-Hill, 1978. 152 pp. Index, bibl., endnotes/footnotes, B/W

illus., color illus. ISBN 0-07-025624-1.

    This updated and enlarged edition of a comprehensive and well-

received work, first published in 1968, shows evidence of thorough

revision. Included are many new illustrations, information on new

materials, and an expanded bibliography. The chapter on “Factors

Contributing to Contemporary Color Usage” has been moved to the center

of the book. Halse’s examination of historical, technical and social trends

that influence color use is exhaustive and systematic.

376. Healey, Deryck. Living with Color: The Handbook of

Managing Colors in Your Home. New York: Rand-McNally, 1982.

167 pp. Bibl., glossary, color illus. ISBN 0-528-81549-0.

    This British overview of color in interiors provides examples of

color usage from around the world. The author discusses color theory and

shows how color and other design elements have been used to create many

beautiful interiors. Unique to this handsome book are photographs of

rooms created by contemporary designers and architects inspired by color

usage from the past and by other cultures.

  1. 377.Hepler, Donald E., Cecil Howard Jensen, and Paul I. Wallach. Interior

Design Fundamentals. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1983. 374 pp. Index, glossary,

B/W illus., color illus. ISBN 0-07-028296-X.

    This basic text for interior design students begins with a thorough

treatment of the principles and elements of design. This is followed by

information specific to space planning, surface treatment, furniture, and

equipment, and a concluding section on the profession. The discussion of

color examines the spectrum, color characteristics of hue, value, and

intensity, traditional color harmonies, and color effects, including a mention

of the relationship between color and light. Though brief, the color section

is clear and well illustrated.

  1. 378.Innes, Jocasta. Paintability. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1986.

192 pp. Index, bibl., B/W illus., color illus. ISBN 0-297-78729-2.

    This popular guide, published in association with a television

program for the “artist as decorator” covers all aspects of decorative painted

finishes from walls, floors, and ceilings to furniture. This decorative

tradition is beautifully illustrated with examples of wall paintings from

Egyptian tombs, Pompeiian interiors, and 19th-century polychrome

decorated rooms, and in the the work of contemporary English artist-

decorators, muralists, and the “great illusionists.” A chapter on color basics

for visual effect covers subjective colors, basic terms, complementaries,

afterimage, and simultaneous contrast. Instead of the usual hue circle,

pigments used by artist-decorators are shown on a wooden palette with a

central group of the three traditional primaries and secondaries surrounded

by eighteen related pigment colors. A discussion for the general reader

recommends fail-safe color schemes such as neutrals, monochrome,

grayed-pastel, and white-plus-one-color. Detailed instructions for mixing

colors and for numerous decorative techniques are included. This is an

inspiring yet practical resource for the interested reader.

379. Ladau, Robert F., Brent K. Smith, and Jennifer Place. Color

in Interior Design and Architecture. New York: Van Nostrand

Reinhold, 1989. 157 pp. Index, bibl., glossary, B/W illus., color illus.

ISBN 0-442-25830-5.

    What is called the color “condition” is introduced with 20 plates that

illustrate new and historic color, illusionary color, and situations where

color is featured in interior design and architecture. Separate sections cover

the science of color, color in design, color systems, and 20 interior design

or architecture case studies. The outstanding text, which follows a

sequence of carefully analyzed color and design concepts, distinguishes this

work from the picture books that showcase the work of designers.

380. McDonald, Sterling. Color Harmony with the McDonald Calibrator.

Chicago: Wilcox & Follett, 1949. 123 pp. Index, bibl., B/W illus., color illus.

    The author contends that there are no absolute rules for color

harmony; designers must “feel” it. However, he also believes that relative

color harmony can be accurately calculated up to a point. Using the 12-hue

color wheel and a curious metal calibrator embedded in the cover of the

book, he illustrates the standard color harmonies on the hue circle and with

photographs of interiors. After brief explanations of color characteristics

and color harmony, he relates color to interiors, artificial lighting, public

space, advertising, package design, and clothing. The concluding chapter

summarizes major color theorists and their systems from Isaac Newton to

Michael Jacobs. Although dated, the presentation is still interesting for its

combination of intuitive and calculated approaches.

381. Sloan, Annie, and Kate Gwyns. Color in Decoration. Boston: Little,

Brown, 1990. 140 pp. Index, bibl., color illus. ISBN 0-316-798-452.

    This handsome book introduces the language of color, color

behavior, and other aspects of color in the context of interior design.

Beautifully photographed interiors are organized around four major hue

families, each with several values and chromas: yellows, reds, blues and

greens, plus “neutrals” white, black, and brown. Each color family section

features elegant European and American rooms, including rooms by well-

known contemporary designers who employ a wide range of decorating

styles and fabrics. Another section consists of examples of 10 different

palettes such as earth colors, tropical colors, and palettes that suggest

historic eras such as Victorian and Art Deco. An interesting concluding

section on pigments, materials, and coloring matter depicts the surprising

changes that occur when 20 frequently used pigments are gradually

desaturated by white. Designers selecting wall colors or looking for

inspiration will not be disappointed by this lavishly illustrated book.

382. Sloan, Raymond P. Hospital Color and Decoration. Chicago, IL:

Physicians’ Record Co., 1944. 253 pp. Index, bibl., B/W illus. color illus.

    In his introduction Faber Birren commends Raymond Sloan’s

innovative interior designs for hospitals. The author deals with responses

to color and color preferences, presumably based on Birren’s work. Sloan

declares that hospitals have finally ceased to be interpreted in terms of

white. Subsequent discussions of appropriate interior design and color

selection begin with the exterior of the building and surrounding grounds,

move on to the entry, through spaces for visitors, patients, doctors, and

nurses, and then finish with board rooms and sun rooms. The discussion

of palettes reveals the gender stereotypes of the time when the author states

that rest areas for doctors should reflect masculine color preferences, while

colors for dormitories for nurses should reflect a ‘woman’s world.” While

dated, this work provides a fascinating record of historic color usage in the

health environment. It includes tipped-in color chips of 60 recommended

colors and a comprehensive bibliography of 76 books and articles on the


383. Smith, Lauren and Rose Bennett Gilbert. Your Colors at Home.

Washington, D. C.: Acropolis, 1985. 199 pp. Index, glossary, B/W

illus., color illus. ISBN 0-87491-748-4.

    Written for the general public, this book will appeal to those who

follow the popular “seasonal color” palette suggested for wardrobes by

Carol Jackson and other writers. The authors work on the assumption that

the best colors for one’s wardrobe are also the best colors for selecting

home furnishings. They tell how to determine an individual’s seasonal

color palette and then provide related decorating palettes that utilize one of

the following plans: monochromatic; analogous; contrasting; neutral; and

white plus a hue. They also suggest furniture styles appropriate to each

season and give general information on room arrangements and furnishings.

This book’s unique approach to interior design decisions is interesting,

although the authors’ association of personality types, seasonal colors, and

furniture styles is speculative and undocumented.

  1. 384.Whiton, Sherrill. Interior Design and Decoration. 4th ed. Philadelphia:

J. B. Lippincott, 1974. 699 pp. Index, glossary, B/W. illus, color illus.

ISBN 0-397-47315-X.

    Originally published in 1937, the book was intended as a

compendium of available information on the subject. The largely unchanged

first half of the book provides a broad survey of period decoration and

furniture organized under styles. A history of painting and graphics and

discussions of contemporary furniture, architecture, and design complete

the first part. The second part, which covers the basic interior, design

materials and accessories, and interior planning, features new contributions

by other writers, including Sheila Chapline and Olga San Giuliano

Menaker, who briefly discuss many topics in their 16-page color chapter.

These include additive and subtractive color, Ostwald and Munsell color

systems, color mixing techniques, simultaneous contrast, value relations,

the effect of natural and artificial light on color, color aesthetics, color plans,

color psychology, and use of color in traditional and contemporary

interiors. A black and white diagram presents a traditional hue circle with

red, blue, and yellow primaries. The lack of color illustrations in this

chapter is unfortunate, as is the seemingly arbitrary location of what color

plates there are. Although this book is still useful as a general reference,

particularly for the historic sections, more current publications are available.

The bibliography for each chapter extends through the 1960’s.

385. Wilson, Jose, and Arthur Leaman. Color in Decoration and Design. New

York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1971. 159 pp. Bibl., glossary, color illus.

    In an interesting chapter on color theory, the authors summarize the

contributions or innovations of 18 professionals selected from several

design fields. Other chapters demonstrate the use of lighting, show options

for color on building exteriors, and give an overview of historically inspired

interiors. The color photographs, credited to Antiques, House and Garden,

House Beautiful, Interiors, InteriorDesign, and other magazines, capture

the bright palette typical of the 1960s. Faber Birren’s introduction

especially commends the comprehensive and well-illustrated glossary,

which makes up one third of the book.